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高考英语短文改错专题复习

作者:方向标    文章来源:北京赛车信誉群 www.xyu3.cn    点击数:    更新时间:2013-9-11 【我来说两句

北京赛车信誉群 www.xyu3.cn 高考英语短文改错专题
短文改错常见错误类型
1. 谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点 常见动词错误类型有
 ① 一般现在时与一般过去时错用;     ② and 前后动词时态不一致;
③ 主谓不一致;                       ④ 缺少动词,特别是be动词;
⑤ 第三人称单数形式错用;             ⑥ 主动语态和被动语态错用。
1)They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.(did 改为do  属于 ①)
2)As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.
     (visiting 改为 visited错误类型属于②)
 3) There will an important game next month.(will后加be错误类型属于④)
 4)One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out.( ③ 主谓不一致)
2. 名词的常见错误
   单复数名词错用;注意区分名词是可数还是不可数;或根据名词前的修饰语或谓语动词的单复数来判断。
   ① I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(subject 改为subjects)
 ② Their word were a great encouragement to me.(word 改为words)
   ③ Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.(knowledges改为knowledge)
3. 连词错误
   连词包括关系代词、副词,并列连词and/ or/but等
(一般考查从句关系 who/ whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether )
① I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (错用了who的所有格形式改为whose)
② I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up.(此处应该是并列的关系而非转折,but改为 and)
③ Clever as she is, but she works very hard.
④ When I was a child, rain was a mystery. In one class, I learned it rained.
4. 冠词错误
   误用a和an(根据单词的因素来判定);误用a 和the(固定搭配,各自单独使用的地方)
   多余的冠词或则少冠词。
① We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为the  the same 是固定搭配)
② As everyone knows, it’s     famous mountain with all kinds of pants.(mountain是可数名词需用冠词,所以加 a )
③ My teacher advised me to keep my dairy.
④ I hope you have pleasant journey.
5. 形容词和副词错误
1) 系动词后用形容词(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性动词 smell /feel)
2) 词性的误用   形容词修饰名词   修饰 实义动词,形容词和副词,过去分词用副词
① I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (time是名词 所以要用形容词wonderful修饰)
② My pronunciation was terribly.

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